1. Presentation

This report presents the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) in Catalonia 2021, following the same structure of last year’s report for DESI Catalonia 2020.

Picking up from the last DESI report, the results are presented in the order that the different levels follow, which is to say, first the dimensions are described and, in a following section, their subdimensions and indicators. The results at the level of dimensions are shown with graphics that contrast the position of Catalonia in relation to the set of states of the EU-27, while for the levels of subdimensions and indicators, the results are displayed in tables with the aim of presenting the most detailed and synthesized information. The values taken as a reference for the comparison in the tables are that of Spain, of the leading state, and the EU-27 average. In addition, the evolution of all indicators for the period 2019-2021 is also shown.

In 2021, the Commission adjusted DESI to reflect the two major policy initiatives that will have an impact on digital transformation in the EU over the coming years: the Recovery and Resilience Facility and the Digital Decade Compass.

To align DESI with the four cardinal points and the targets under the Digital Compass, to improve the methodology and take account of the latest technological and policy developments, the Commission made a number of changes to the 2021 edition of the DESI. The indicators are now structured around the four main areas in the Digital Compass, replacing the previous five- dimension structure.

Thus, DESI 2021 has 4 dimensions (Human capital, Connectivity, Integration of digital technology and Digital public services), 10 Subdimensions and 33 indicators.

As a result of these changes in the structure and composition of the DESI, it has been necessary to recalculate the DESI index of previous years applying the methodological changes of 2021 in order to be able to analyze the evolution 2019-2021.

For more information, see the DESI project website.

  1. See the appendix for detailed information on the structure of DESI 2021.