2.3.1. Human Capital

Two subdimensions make up the analysis of Human capital: Internet user skills and Advanced skills and development. Both contribute the same extent to the dimension (50%).

Table 1 presents the values and positions of these two subdimensions.

Table 1. Comparison of Human Capital sub-dimensions.
Table 1 Comparison of Human Capital sub-dimensions

Both subdimensions include various indicators that measure, on the one hand, the digital skills of the general public and, on the other, those of the workforce. Catalonia achieves better results in Internet user skills than in Advanced skills and development, and is above the EU-27 average in both cases. Table 2 shows the results of the Human capital indicators.

The first two indicators of Internet user skills look at the different levels (at least basic and above basic), of digital skills related to information, communication, problem solving and the use of software for content creation, such as the use of word processors, spreadsheets, the creation of presentations or documents that integrate texts, drawings, tables or graphic, or a programming language. The third indicator refers to skills specifically related to software, and takes into account a basic or above basic level.

Catalonia is above the EU-27 average in all three indicators, achieving the fourth position in digital skills above the basic level. In the other two indicators, it ranks sixth and seventh respectively. The indicator that refers to the at least basic digital skills has twice as much weight as the other two in order to reflect its importance to the contribution to the subdimension.

Regarding the four indicators of Advanced skills and development, Catalonia occupies more modest positions. It obtains its best results is in employed population specialist in ICT, where Catalonia occupies the ninth position, together with Female ICT specialists, where it comes in the tenth place of the ranking. In the other two indicators, Catalonia occupies positions quite far from the leader states. In any case, Catalonia's results are above the EU-27 average, except in the case of ICT graduates.

In this subdimension, the indicators ICT specialists and Female ICT specialists weigh twice as much as the other two.

Table 2. Comparison of Human Capital indicators.
Table 2 Comparison of Human Capital indicators