2.1. DESI 2021 Index
The DESI index allows us to measure the level of digitalization of the economy and the society of a territory. In 2021, Catalonia reached 62.36%, which places it in fifth place in the ranking of EU-27 states. The average value of these states is 50.71%.
As can be seen in Graphic 1, which shows the DESI value of each state broken down into the four dimensions, the leading state is Denmark (70.06%), followed by Finland (67.15%), Sweden (66.10%) and the Netherlands (65.15%). Catalonia is, along with Ireland (60.28%), among the leading states.