2.1. DESI 2020 Index
The DESI index allows us to measure the level of digitalization of the economy and the society of a territory. In 2020, Catalonia reached 64.75%, which places it in fifth place in the ranking of EU-28 states. The average value of these states is 52.62%.
Graph 1 shows the DESI value of each state separated into five dimensions, the leading state is Finland (72.31%), followed by Sweden (69.74%), Denmark (69.15%), and the Netherlands (67.69%). Catalonia follows the leading group, ahead of Malta (62.70%), Ireland (61.79%), Estonia (61.07%), and the United Kingdom (60.41%).