5. Methodological note

The DESI 2022 methodology (Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2022. Methodological note) presents some changes compared to DESI 2021. The same four dimensions and ten sub-dimensions are maintained, but some indicators have been modified.

Dimension 1, Human capital, has two sub-dimensions. The three indicators of the first sub-dimension, Internet user skills, come from the Survey on equipment and use of information and communication technologies in homes (Idescat, 2021 data), whose calculation methodology has been modified in the DESI 2022. Regarding the second sub-dimension, Advanced skills and development, for the calculation of ICT Specialists (1b1) and Female ICT specialists (1b2), Idescat has calculated the scores, based on data from the active population survey from the INE. Indicator 1b3, Enterprises that provide ICT training, comes from the Survey on the use of ICT and electronic commerce in companies (Idescat, 2020-2021 data). Finally, the source of the data on ICT graduates (1b4) is from the Population Studies Statistics, from ldescat.

Dimension 2 is Connectivity and has four sub-dimensions: Fixed broadband take-up, Fixed broadband coverage, Mobile broadband, and Broadband price index. Various sources have been used to obtain the indicators (one has been eliminated and another has been added). The indicators 2a1 Overall fixed broadband take-up and 2c3 Mobile broadband take-up come from the Survey on equipment and use of information and communication technologies in homes (Idescat, 2021 data). The indicator 2a2 At least 100 Mbps fixed broadband take-up has been partially estimated based on 2021 data from the National Commission for Markets and Competition (CNMC). Specifically, the percentage of lines in homes and the percentage of lines of at least 100 Mbps out of the total number of lines have been estimated. On the other hand, the NGA, VHCN, FTTP and 5G coverage data (2b1, 2b2, 2b3 and 2c2 respectively) have been provided by the Secretary of State for Telecommunications and Digital Infrastructures (SETID) for the year 2021. Finally, there are three indicators whose scores are the same as for Spain: At least 1 Gbps take-up (2a3), 5G Spectrum (2c1), and Broadband Price Index (2d1), since it has not been possible to obtain the disaggregated data to calculate them reliably at the level of Catalonia.

Dimension 3, Integration of digital technology, has three sub-dimensions. The first is Digital Intensity and it has a single indicator: (3a1) SMEs with at least a basic level of digital intensity. The score of which has been calculated by Idescat based on data from the Survey on the use of information technologies and communication and electronic commerce in companies and is based on the new DESI 2022 methodology. The second sub-dimension, Digital Technologies for businesses, has seven indicators. One of them (3b6 ICT for environmental sustainability) comes from the survey carried out ad hoc with the same methodology and takes questions from the European study from which the data for the member states of the EU-271. The rest of the indicators of this sub-dimension come from the same Idescat survey indicated above, which is also the source of the indicators of the third subdimension, e-Commerce.

Finally, dimension 4, Digital public services, has five indicators grouped into a single sub-dimension, e-Government. The data for indicator (4a1), e-Government users, come from Idescat, based on the Survey on equipment and use of information and communication technologies in homes. The indicators Pre-filled forms (4a2), Digital public services for citizens (4a3) and Digital public services for businesses (4a4) are based on the methodology included in the eGovernment Benchmark 2020 of the European Commission. An evaluation of various services offered by the different Public Administrations in Catalonia has been made, using the Mystery Shopping technique. The Open Data indicator (4a5) has been obtained through the questionnaire collected in the European Data Portal, and has been completed by the General Directorate of Transparency and Open Data of the Generalitat de Catalunya.

  1. European enterprise survey on the use of technologies based on artificial intelligence by Ipsos and iCite; Survey of businesses on the use of digital technologies by Ipsos and iCite.