6. Appendix - Indicators and definitions

6.1. Indicators and definitions DESI

Dimension 1 - Human Capital

Sub-dimension Indicator Description Breakdown Unit Source and year
1.a - Internet User Skills 1.a.1 - At least basic digital skills Individuals with ‘basic’ or ‘above basic’ digital skills in each of the following five dimensions: information, communication, problem solving and software for content creation and safety All Individuals (aged 16-74) % individuals IDESCAT (2021)
1.a - Internet User Skills 1.a.2 - Above basic digital skills Individuals with ‘above basic’ digital skills in each of the following five dimensions: information, communication, problem solving and software for content creation and safety All Individuals (aged 16-74) % individuals IDESCAT (2021)
1.a - Internet User Skills 1.a.3 - At least basic digital content creation skills Individuals with at least a basic level in using software for digital content creation All Individuals (aged 16-74) % individuals IDESCAT (2021)
1.b - Advanced skills and development 1.b.1 - ICT specialists Employed ICT specialists. Broad definition based on the ISCO-08 classification and including jobs like ICT service managers, ICT professionals, ICT technicians, ICT installers and servicers Total number of Persons in employment % employed people (16-74 ) IDESCAT (2021)
1.b - Advanced skills and development 1.b.2 - Female ICT specialists Employed female ICT specialists. Broad definition based on the ISCO-08 classification and including jobs like ICT service managers, ICT professionals, ICT technicians, ICT installers and servicers Total number of Persons in employment % employed females (16-74) IDESCAT (2021)
1.b - Advanced skills and development 1.b.3 - Enterprises providing ICT training Enterprises who provided training in ICT to their personnel All enterprises, without financial sector (10 persons employed or more) % enterprises IDESCAT (2021)
1.b - Advanced skills and development 1.b.4 - ICT graduates Individuals with a degree in ICT Total graduates % graduates IDESCAT (2021)

Dimension 2 - Connectivity

Sub-dimension Indicator Description Breakdown Unit Source and year
2.a - Fixed broadband take-up 2.a.1 - Overall fixed broadband take-up % of households subscribing to fixed broadband All households with at least one individual aged 16-74 % households IDESCAT (2021)
2.a - Fixed broadband take-up 2.a.2 - At least 100 Mbps fixed broadband take-up % of households subscribing to fixed broadband of at least 100 Mbps All households with at least one individual aged 16-75 % households CNMC (2021) - IDESCAT (2021)
2.a - Fixed broadband take-up 2.a.3 - At least 1 Gbps take-up % of households subscribing to fixed broadband of at least 1 Gbps All households with at least one individual aged 16-76 % households COCOM (CE) and Eurostat (2021)
2.b - Fixed broadband coverage 2.b.1 - Fast broadband (NGA) coverage % of households covered by fized broadband of at least 30 Mbps download. The technologies considered are FTTH, FTTB, Cable Docsis 3.0 and VDSL All households % households SETID (2021)
2.b - Fixed broadband coverage 2.b.2 - Fixed Very High Capacity Network (VHCN) coverage % of households covered by any fixed VHCN. The technologies considered are FTTH and FTTB for 2015-2018 and FTTH, FTTB and Cable Docsis 3.1 for 2019 onwards All households % households SETID (2021)
2.b - Fixed broadband coverage 2.b.3 - Fibre to the Premises (FTTP) coverage % of households covered by FTTH and FTTB All households % households SETID (2021)
2.c - Mobile broadband 2.c.1 - 5G spectrum The amount of spectrum assigned and ready for 5G use within the so-called 5G pioneer bands. These bands are 700 MHz (703-733 MHz and 758-788 MHz), 3.6 GHz (3400-3800 MHz) and 26 GHz (1000 MHz within 24250-27500 MHz). All three spectrum bands have an equal weight 5G pioneer bands Assigned spectrum as a % of total harmonised 5G spectrum COCOM (2022)
2.c - Mobile broadband 2.c.2 - 5G coverage % of populated areas with coverage by 5G All households % populated areas SETID (2021)
2.c - Mobile broadband 2.c.3 - Mobile broadband take-up Individuals who used the internet on a mobile device All Individuals (aged 16-74) % individuals IDESCAT (2021)
2.d - Broadband price index 2.d.1 - Broadband price index The broadband price index measures the prices of representative baskets of fixed, mobile and converged broadband offers Broadband price index Score (0-100) CE (2021)

Dimension 3 - Integration of Digital Technology

Sub-dimension Indicator Description Breakdown Unit Source and year
3.a - Digital intensity 3.a.1 - SMEs with at least a basic level of digital intensity The digital intensity score is based on counting how many out of 12 selected technologies are used by enterprises. A basic level requires usage of at least 4 technologies SMEs (10-249 persons employed), without financial sector % SMEs IDESCAT (2021)
3.b Digital technologies for businesses 3.b.1 - Electronic information sharing Enterprises who have in use an ERP (enterprise resource planning) software package to share information between different functional areas (e.g. accounting, planning, production, marketing) All enterprises, without financial sector (10 persons employed or more) % enterprises IDESCAT (2021)
3.b Digital technologies for businesses 3.b.2 - Social Media Enterprises using two or more of the following social media: social networks, enterprise's blog or microblog, multimedia content sharing websites, wiki-based knowledge sharing tools. Using social media means that the enterprise has a user profile, an account or a user license depending on the requirements and the type of the social media All enterprises, without financial sector (10 persons employed or more) % enterprises IDESCAT (2021)
3.b Digital technologies for businesses 3.b.3 - Big Data Enterprises analysing big data from any data source All enterprises, without financial sector (10 persons employed or more) % enterprises IDESCAT (2020)
3.b Digital technologies for businesses 3.b.4 - Cloud Enterprises buying sophisticated or intermediate cloud computing services All enterprises, without financial sector (10 persons employed or more) % enterprises IDESCAT (2021)
3.b Digital technologies for businesses 3.b.5 - AI Enterprises using any AI technology All enterprises, without financial sector (10 persons employed or more) % enterprises IDESCAT (2021)
3.b Digital technologies for businesses 3.b.6 - ICT for environmental sustainability The indicator measures the level of support that adopted ICT technologies offered to enterprises to engage in more environmentally-friendly actions. The level of intensity is measured based on the number of environmental actions (maximum 10) reported by enterprises to have been facilitated by the use of ICT. The following categorisation was achieved: low intensity (0 to 4 actions), medium intensity (5 to 7 actions) and high intensity (8 to 10 actions) All enterprises, without financial sector (10 persons employed or more) % enterprises having medium/high intensity of green action through ICT Ad hoc survey (2021)
3.b Digital technologies for businesses 3.b.7 - e-Invoices Enterprises sending e-invoices, suitable for automated processing All enterprises, without financial sector (10 persons employed or more) % enterprises IDESCAT (2020)
3.c - e-Commerce 3.c.1 - SMEs selling online SMEs selling online (at least 1% of turnover) SMEs (10-249 persons employed), without financial sector % SMEs IDESCAT (2021)
3.c - e-Commerce 3.c.2 - e-Commerce turnover SMEs' total turnover from e-commerce SMEs (10-249 persons employed), without financial sector % SME turnover IDESCAT (2021)
3.c - e-Commerce 3.c.3 - Selling online cross-border SMEs that carried out electronic sales to other EU countries SMEs (10-249 persons employed), without financial sector % SMEs IDESCAT (2021)

Dimension 4 - Digital Public Services

Sub-dimension Indicator Description Breakdown Unit Source and year
4.a - e-Government 4.a.1 - e-Government users Individuals who used the Internet, in the last 12 months, for interaction with public authorities All Individuals (aged 16-74) % Internet users IDESCAT (2021)
4.a - e-Government 4.a.2 - Pre-filled forms Amount of data that is pre-filled in public service online forms All Life Events Score (0 a 100) e-Government Benchmark adapted to Catalonia
4.a - e-Government 4.a.3 - Digital public services for citizens The share of administrative steps that can be done online for major life events (birth of a child, new residence, etc.) for citizens All Life Events Score (0 a 100) e-Government Benchmark adapted to Catalonia
4.a - e-Government 4.a.4 - Digital public services for businesses The indicator broadly reflects the share of public services needed for starting a business and conducting regular business operations that are available online for domestic as well as foreign users. Services provided through a portal receive a higher score, services which provide only information (but have to be completed offline) receive a more limited score All Life Events Score (0 to 100) e-Government Benchmark adapted to Catalonia
4.a - e-Government 4.a.5 - Open data This composite indicator measures to what extent countries have an open data policy in place (including the transposition of the revised PSI Directive), the estimated political, social and economic impact of open data and the characteristics (functionalities, data availability and usage) of the national data portal Total % maximum score Direcció General de Transparència i Dades Obertes de la Generalitat de Catalunya